Cadence Types and Definitions

Cadence Types and Definitions: LadyDpiano



Awhile back I wrote a blog post about my understanding of different cadences. You can see it, here. Later on, I came across an excellent resource book regarding Cadence definitions and music theory in general called, Edly's Music Theory for Practical People. I highly recommend this one. Here's a short blurb from the book to give you an idea of what I learned from Edly's book.

Cadences

What/When: Cadences occur at the end of a phrase, or the end of part of a phrase. A cadence consists of two or more chords that interrupt the harmonic momentum. The interruption can be temporary, in the form of arriving at a point of tension or arriving at a resolution. Analogies in language include phrases ending with a comma or question mark in the case of tension, or with a period in the case of resolution.

Why: The saying goes, "all good things must come to an end." This is equally true for music. If you can recognize the most common ways in which phrases end, you are that much farther ahead in understanding all musical phrasing.

Cadence Types & Definitions

The full cadence is V(7) -> I and again corresponds with moving from tension, and arriving at a resolution. In written language, this corresponds to a phrase ending in a period or exclamation point. Technically, a cadence is only "full" if the tonic is in both the melody and bass.

The half cadence is something -> V(7), that is, just about any chord moving to the dominant. In language, a half cadence corresponds to a phrase ending in a comma or question mark. A half cadence creates the expectation that something will indeed come next because of the unresolved nature of the dominant. The listener knows that the song or piece is not over at this point unless the composer or player is being cheeky, or deceptive. The chord preceding the dominant chord is often it's own dominant, or the V/V ("five of five," as it's called). In the same way that the dominant, creating the effect of a "temporary tonic." How temporary this ends up depending totally on the situation, and can be anywhere from a beat or two to a whole section of a piece.

The plagal cadence is IV -> I. You've heard it in the amens sung and played in church. IT shows up elsewhere, too, but usually to invoke that "churchy sound."

A deceptive cadence is simply any cadence that doesn't do what you expect it to. More specifically, a deceptive cadence is usually V(7) (since the dominant creates such a high level of expectation) to something other than I. The deceptive cadences found in classical, jazz, and pop music differ in destination chords, but the effect is similar in each case... one of foiled expectation. The mediant and submediant chords are the most standard tonic substitutes - the submediant (vim), in the case of classical music, and the mediant (iiim), in the case of jazz. (Notice that each of these two triads shares two of its three notes with the tonic triad! This might help you see how they might easily get away with replacing the tonic.

Most common deceptive cadences:

V(7) --> vim (classical and pop)
V(7) --> iiim (jazz and pop)
V(7) --> im (when key is major)
V(7) --> I (when key is minor)
V(7) --> bVI (various pop, classical, etc)

Learning about cadences is important. If you can recognize and identify cases, you will be able to recognize melodic and harmonic patterns much more easily and understand better how music is put together. Get the book, Edly's Music Theory for Practical People.

Blessings,

-- LadyD

 "The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King

Two Jimmy Buffett Songs

Ioa State Park l LadyDpiano



Our Summer is almost over and the first line of the lyrics to this Jimmy Buffett song caught my eye!

"Headin' up to San Francisco for the Labor Day weekend show."
Here in SoCal, I will be settling in for another new school year schedule, offering piano lessons. Where will you be, Come Monday?

Come Monday


Songwriters: Jimmy Buffett
Come Monday lyrics © Universal Music Publishing Group



Key of C
4/4 Time (Moderately)





C                   F
Headin' up to San Francisco
G                             C
For the Labor Day weekend show,
                   F
I've got my hush-puppies on,
               G
I guess I never was meant for
           C
Glitter rock and roll.
F/D              F
And honey I didn't know
G
That I'd be missin' you so.
         F                   C
Come Monday It'll be all right,
          F                      G
Come Monday I'll be holding you tight.
            C               Em           F                G
I spent four lonely days in a brown L.A. haze
          F                    G                 C
And I just want you back by my side.
Verse 2

Yes, it's been quite a summer,
Rent-a-cars and westbound trains.
And now you're off on vacation,
Somethin' you tried to explain.
And darlin' I love you so that's
The reason I just let you go.
Come Monday It'll be all right,
Come Monday I'll be holding you tight.
I spent four lonely days in a brown L.A. haze
And I just want you back by my side.
Dmaj7    Gmaj7
I can't help it, honey,
Dmaj7                    Gmaj7
You're that much a part of me now.
Dmaj7                           Gmaj7
Remember the night in Montana when
Fmaj7                                         G7
We said there'd be no room for doubt.
I hope you're enjoyin' the scenery,
I know that it's pretty up there.
We can go hikin on Tuesday,
With you, I'd walk anywhere.
California has worn me quite thin,
I just can't wait to see you again.
Come Monday It'll be all right,
Come Monday I'll be holding you tight.
I spent four lonely days in a brown L.A. haze
And I just want you back by my side.

C                           Em           F               G
I spent four lonely days in a brown L.A. haze,
         F                    G                Bb  F  C              
and I just want you back by my side.


This is a very easy song to play. Fmaj7 sounds great, F/EAC and G7 with G/FGBD. Then ending with Bb/FBbD and F/FAC and C/EGCE.

Son Of A Son Of A Sailor


LadyDpiano l Jimmy Buffet


Songwriters: Jimmy Buffett
Son of a Son of a Sailor lyrics © Coral Reefer Music



Songs You May Know By Heart

Key of D
4/4 Time (Moderately slow, in 2)

     G / F / C / G /
 
              G
As the son of a son of a sailor
           F               C                   G
I went out on the sea for adventure
      C                                    G
Expanding the view of the captain and crew
D                                              G
Like a man just released from indenture

As a dreamer of dreams and a travelin' man
           F                 C          G
I have chalked up many a mile
          C                                    G
Read dozens of books about heroes and crooks
          D                                                 G
And I learned much from both of their styles
F/G                C/G
Son of a son, son of a son
                             G
Son of a son of a sailor
F                                  C
Son of a gun, load the last ton
                                     G
One step ahead of the jailer
Now away in the near future
Southeast of disorder
You can shake the hand of the mango man
As he greets you at the border
And the lady she hails from Trinidad
Island of the spices
Salt for your meat, and cinnamon sweet
And the rum is for all your good vices
Haul the sheet in as we ride on the wind
That our forefathers harnessed before us
Hear the bells ring as the tight rigging sings
It's a son of a gun of a chorus
G
Where it all ends I can't fathom my friends
              F          C                 G
If I knew I might toss out my anchor
         C                             G
So I cruise along always searchin' for songs
               D                           G
Not a lawyer a thief or a banker
F/G                          C/G
But a son of a son, son of a son
                            G
Son of a son of a sailor
F                            C
Son of a gun, load the last ton
                                     G
One step ahead of the jailer
I'm just a son of a son, son of a son
Son of a son of a sailor
The sea's in my veins, my tradition remains
I'm just glad I don't live in a trailer

Repeat and fade: 

F = F/ACFG
C = C/GCEG
G = GBDG


Enjoy these last days of summer!

-- LadyD

 "The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King

Three Dixie Chick Songs

Three Dixie Chick Songs: LadyDpiano.com

Around 1997 I was listening to the country sounds of the Dixie Chicks. I loved hearing the violin and the excellent vocal harmonies. Along came the ever-popular song, Wide Open Spaces and from there, I knew I had to purchase the songbook.

I thought I'd share a few of their songs in the Key of E to start with. Of course, there are a few songs in A, like Give It Up Or Let Me Go, You Were Mine, and Loving Arms. Also, from the album, you'll find one in the Key of F and a few in C.

Here are 3 chord charts in E:

I Can Love You Better

Key of E Major
4/4 Time (Moderately)


C#m  B/C#  C#m          E 
Doodum doooh ooh oh
C#m            D D 
Hey hey hey oooh 
E             D                   A          
She's got you wrapped up in her satin and lace 
E       D                 A 
Tied around her little finger 
E                D          A     
She's got you thinking you never can escape 
E          D                     A     
Don't you know your heart's in danger 
B                        C#m      
There's a devil in that angel face 
    D                      A                        
If you could only see the love that you're wasting 

Chorus:

E      D         A            
I can love you better that that 
E              D         A 
I know how to make you forget her 
E        D             A              
All I'm askin' is for one little chance 
E           D         A             E ----D A 
Baby I can love you, Baby I can love you better 


E          D               A              
I'm gonna break the spell she's got on you 
E            D           A 
You're gonna wake up to find 
E          D              A      
I'm your desire my inten-tions are true 
E     D              A 
Hey babe, I know in time 
B                          C#m 
You're gonna see what you mean to me 
    D                       A              A  
So open up your eyes cause seeing is believing 

Chorus


C#m  B   C#m    E 
Woooo oooh oooh oh 
C#m  B   C#   D   A7 
Hey hey hey oooh

Chorus: 
E      D         A          A 
I can love you better than that
E              D         A 
I know how to make you forget her 
E        D             A 
All I'm askin' is for one little chance 
E           D         A 
Baby I can love you, Baby I can love you 
E      D         A 
I can love you better than that 
E              D         A         E 
I know how to make you forget her 
E        D             A 
All I'm askin' is for one little chance 
E           D         A 
Baby I can love you, Baby I can love you 
E      D         A               E 
I can love you better than that 
E      D         A     E 
I can love you better 
E      D         A 
I can love you better than that 
E           D         A                    E       
Baby I can love you, Baby I can love you better 

Wide Open Spaces

Key of E Major
4/4 Time (Moderately Fast)

Intro: E A/C# E A/C# E A/C# E A/C# E F#m7 E F#m7 A/B

E = E/BEG#
A/C# = C#/AC#F#
F#m7 = F#/C#EA
A/B = B/C#EAB


WEho doesn't kF#m7now what I'm Etalking about
Who's never left hF#m7ome, who's never stE/G#ruck out
To find a drAeam and a life of their oEwn
A pAlace in the clouds, a founA/B         Bdation of stone
  EMany preF#m7cede and many will fEollow
AE young girl's dF#m7ream no longer hEollow
It takes the sAhape of a place out Ewest
But what it hAolds for her, she hasn't yA/Bet guessed
Chorus:
She needs wEide oF#m7pen sp aces
REoom to mF#m7ake her big m istakeAs
She needsE neF#m7w faAces
She kBnows the high sEtakes F#m7   A  B
Verse 2:
SEhe traveled this F#m7road as a cEhild
WEide eyed and grF#m7inning, she never tEired
But now she wAon't be coming back with the rEest
If these are lAife's lessons, she'll take tA/Bhis test
(Repeat Chorus)
                             A/C#                             E
As her folks drive away, her dad yells, "Check the oil!"
                               A/C#                             E
Mom stares out the window and says, "I'm leaving my girl"
She said, "It didn't seem like that long ago"
When she stood there and let her own folks know
(Repeat Chorus)
She knows the highest stakes
She knows the highest stakes
She knows the highest stakes
She knows the highest stakes
E F#m7 A  A/B E
Wide Open Spaces
Let 'Er Rip

Key of E Major
4/4 Time (Slowly, freely)


      A7                                      E 
I can tell there’s something you don’t wanna tell me
       A7                                 B  Bb7 A7 
It’s killing you cause words are hard to find
Bb7    A7                          E 
I know you want to break it to me gently
           F#7                      B   C B B7#5 
Well sweet baby say what’s on your mind

CHORUS:(Fast)
            E            E 
Let’er rip,   let it fly

Come on baby say it do you think I’m gonna cry
      A7                            E 
ain’t about to bawl  I ain’t gonna die
             B                      A7 
so if you’re gonna say goodbye don't take all damn night
           E            E7 
let’er rip, let it fly

A7                                                E
Why the drama we don’t have to drag out the situation
          A7                                                   B
It wasn’t you, it wasn’t me, sometimes the chemistry don’t ignite
      A7                                                 E
There ain’t no rings, no mortgage there ain't any complications
       F#7                                             B 
Just a hyphenated word get it out I’m sure I’ll be alright

Chorus:

It ain’t no big deal, it ain’t no great loss
You and I are on the same train of thought
You don't have to tell me where to get off
Maybe I misunderstood you if you leave me baby would ya

CHORUS:
            E            E 
Let’er rip,   let it fly

Come on baby say it do you think I’m gonna cry
      A7                            E 
ain’t about to bawl  I ain’t gonna die
             B                      A7 
so if you’re gonna say goodbye don't take all day and night
           E            E 
let’er rip, let it fly
             B                      A7 
so if you’re gonna say goodbye don't take all damn night
           E            E 
let’er rip, let it fly
            
Listen to the Dixie Chicks! Country Music Shop Country Sheet Music!
Blessings,


-- LadyD

 "The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King
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