Musician's Vocabulary: Range-Register-Expression



Range means ALL of the pitches, from lowest to highest, that an instrument can play or a voice can sing. We can also talk about the range of your speaking voice: the full extent of your voice when you talk, from the lowest sound to highest sound.

How The Word Is Used:

"The range of the piano is extremely wide. It can go lower and higher than an entire symphony orchestra."

"The flute has a great sound, but the clarinet has a wider range. It can't go quite as high, but it goes much lower."

Range Words:

small      medium   large
narrow   average    wide

How To Find Your Vocal Range



Register means a specific part of the range of a voice or instrument. A range is usually divided into three parts: a low register, a middle register, and a high register.

How The Word Is Used:

"Your voice sounds so strong and clear when you sing that melody in your high register."

"I like 'Peter and the Wolf' - especially the sound of the cat played by a clarinet in its low register."

Cat's Theme

Register Words:

high         middle   low
higher                    lower
highest                   lowest

Descriptive Words associated with Register:

The high register of a voice or instrument may be clear and strong, thin and weak, or piercing.

The middle register of a voice or instrument may be strong, comfortable, or neutral (neither dark nor light).

The low register of a voice or instrument may be rich and full, dark and thick, or unfocused and muddy.



Expression refers to the kind of feeling or emotion that a composer or performer gives to a piece of music.

How The Word Is Used:

"Your piano playing is wonderful. It is so full of expression."

"That phrase you sang was too plain for me. Could you try it again with more expression?"

Vocal Mastery System: LadyDpiano

Dear Singer,

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*How to sing properly from your diaphragm, last longer, and have the power to hit notes you never thought possible (without killing your vocal cords)...

Vocal Mastery System


"The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King
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