Queen of Jazz: Etta James


I have fond memories of the rhythm and blues vocals of the Queen of Jazz.  I will miss the sounds of Etta James, also known as "Miss Peaches." Perhaps she warmed your heart also. I am interested in your thoughts. Here's a little bit about Etta James from Wikipedia:

"Etta James (born Jamesetta Hawkins; January 25, 1938 – January 20, 2012) was an American singer whose style spanned a variety of music genres including blues, rhythm and blues, rock and roll, soul, gospel and jazz. Starting her career in the mid 1950s, she gained fame with hits such as "Dance With Me, Henry", "At Last", "Tell Mama", and "I'd Rather Go Blind" for which she claimed she wrote the lyrics. She faced a number of personal problems, including drug addiction, before making a musical resurgence in the late 1980s with the album The Seven Year Itch.
James is regarded as having bridged the gap between rhythm and blues and rock and roll, and is the winner of six Grammys and 17 Blues Music Awards. She was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 1993, the Blues Hall of Fame in 2001, and the Grammy Hall of Fame in both 1999 and 2008. Rolling Stone ranked James number 22 on their list of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time and number 62 on the list of the 100 Greatest Artists."




Music Chords to At Last

(A7)  D   Bm  Em7     A9      Em7   D        Bm7  Em7
At last          my love has come along,

  A7+5    A7        D       Bm7      Em7
My lonely days are over

    Gdim    A7      D     Bm    Gdim    A9
And life is like a song.



A7  D   Bm  Em7       A9    Em7       D     Bm7     Em7
At last          the skies above are blue;

   A7+5      A7         D        Bm7      Em7
My heart was wrapped in clover

    Gdim    A7        D       Gm     Gdim       D
The night I looked at you.


Bridge:

  A7    D7 G+7      Gdim   Dm7              D6
I found a dream that I can speak to,

    C+      Bm6    Fdim    F#m
A dream that I can call my own,

  Bm6      Dm6       E7       Am7     A6
I found a thrill to press my cheek to,

D  Bm7       Cdim     A       Em7     (A7)
A thrill I've never known.



(A7)  D     Bm  Em7     A9        Em7       D    Bm7  Em7
You smiled          and then the spell was cast,

    A7+5    A7     D          Bm7      Em7
And here we are in heaven,



First Time:

            Gdim A7  D      Bm     Em    Gdim    (A7)
For you are mine at last.


Last Time:

            Gdim A7 D6     Gm    Gdim     D6
For you are mine at last.

 I like to play this song in the Key of G.  Here is the chord chart. You can print the sheet 
music at chords and midi 


(D7)  G   Em7  Am7     Eb7      D7   G       Em7  Am7
At last          my love has come along,

  D9/F#            G      Em7 Am7
My lonely days are over

    Eb7    D7      G    E7 Eb7 Eb7/Bb  D7 D7/A
And life is like a song.



  G  Em7  Am7    Eb7       D7     G    Em7 Am7
At last          the skies above are blue;

   D9/F#      G         Em       Am7      
My heart was wrapped in clover

    D9/F#    G7        C7   G7     Fdim7    Am7
The night I looked at you.


Bridge:
[ Tab from: http://www.guitartabs.cc/tabs/e/etta_james/at_last_crd.html ]
          D       Gmaj7          G6
I found a dream that I can speak to,

          F#7 G7 F#7 Bm7
A dream that I can call my own,

 D/A      Em7       A7       D     F#dim7
I found a thrill to press my cheek to,

Em7       A7     Am7     (D7/F#)
A thrill I've never known.



 G    Em     Am7       Eb7 D7    G  Em7     Am7
You smiled          and then the spell was cast,

    D9/F#    G     D     Em  Eb7    
And here we are in heaven,



First Time:

  Eb7/Bb     D7  D7/A    G  Em7  (Am7)
For you are mine at last.


Last Time:

            Eb7 D7 G  Em Am7 Eb7 D7 G9
For you are mine at last.
 
 
Maybe I will post a video and write down the chords I'm playing. It has a very cool rhythm with 12 beats to the measure and an eighth note getting one count.

When you search for free midis online, be sure and invest in this cool music software that will help you play songs: Song Robot Software

Al the best,






"The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King

Happy Together



There's a real cool song that was written in the 60's by Garry Bonner and Alan Gordon, called Happy Together. Maybe you remember hearing The Turtles and The Monkees recording it. It has a steady, solid beat and I play it in the Key of G. It's a pretty easy progression.



Music Chords to Happy Together


 Em
Imagine me and you, I do.
 D
I think about you day and night, it's only right.
 C
To think about the girl you love, and hold her tight.
 B
So happy together. 

 Em
If I should call you up, invest a dime.
 D
And you say you belong to me, and ease my mind.
 C
Imagine how the world would be, so very fine.
 B
So happy together. 

Chorus:

 ED (or Bm7)EG
 I can see me loving' nobody but you, for all my life.
 ED (Bm7)EG
 When you're with me baby, the skies will be blue for all my life.

 Em
 Me and you, and you and me.
 D
No matter how the toss the dice, it was to be.
 C
The only one for me is you, and you for me.
 B
So happy together.  

Chorus:

 EDEG
 I can see me loving' nobody but you, for all my life.
 EEEG
 When you're with me baby, the skies will be blue for all my life.


 Em
 Me and you, and you and me.
 D
No matter how the toss the dice, it was to be.
 C
The only one for me is you, and you for me.
 B
So happy together.  

 EADG
                                                                               
Ba-ba-ba-ba  ba-ba-ba-ba  ba-ba-ba  ba-ba-ba-ba



 EDEG
                                                                               
Ba-ba-ba-ba  ba-ba-ba-ba  ba-ba-ba  ba-ba-ba-ba




 Em
 Me and you, and you and me.
 D
No matter how the toss the dice, it was to be.
 C
The only one for me is you, and you for me.
 B
So happy together.  

 EmB
 So happy together.
 EmB
 How is the weather?
 EmB
 So happy together. (Repeat and fade)
 EmB
 We're happy together
 EmB
 So happy together
Em B (horns enter)
Happy together
 EmB
 So happy together
 EmB
                                                                              
So happy together (ba-ba-ba-ba  ba-ba-ba-ba)


So, what about looking at a chord chart? I guess the most important thing is to 
know your chords and the inversions. 

Although chord finders are valuable tools on the Internet, what do we do when we're sitting at the piano and don't have access to the computer, trying to figure out chords? Here's a breakdown on forming many chords you can use in your piano playing. Yes, there are augmented chords, and there are 9, 11 and 13 chords. I have chosen a few basic ones to start with.

Major
Minor
Dominant 7th

Sus4

Sus2 and add9

Diminished
Major Sevenths
Major Chords


Starting from the root note, count up FIVE semi-tones (5 half steps). Always use the root note when counting. This will bring you to the second note in the chord. From and including this note, count up FOUR semi-tones (4 half steps). This will bring us to the final note in the chord.

Example: C Major - C is the root note in this chord. Count up 5 semi-tones from the C: C=1, C#= 2, D=3, Eb=4, E=5. Then, count up 4 semi-tones from the second note in the chord: E=1, F=2, F#=3, G=4. Play the C, E and G together and you have a C Major chord. By using this 'FIVE then FOUR' rule, you can work out any major chord.

Minor (m) Chords

For minor chords, simply reverse the rule for working out major chords. Instead of counting 5 then 4, count 4 then 5.

Example: C Minor - C is the root note in this chord. Count up 4 semi-tones from the C: C=1, C#=2, D=3, Eb=4. Then, count up 5 semi-tones from the second note in the chord: Eb=1, E=2, F=3, F#=4, G=5. Play the C, Eb and G together and you have a C Minor chord. By using this FOUR then FIVE rule, you can work out any minor chord.

Dominant 7th (7) Chords

With 7th chords, you add an extra note onto the chord. This extra note is always the note two semi-tones (1 whole step) below the root note. However, you don't play this note at the bottom of the chord, you simply move it to the top of the chord.

Example: C7 - Form a C major chord... C, E, and G. The root note of this chord is C. Two semi-tones (1 whole step) below the root note is Bb. Add this Bb to the top of the chord and we have a C7 chord- C, E, G and Bb. The same rule applies for working out minor 7th chords.

Sus4 Chords

Example: Csus4
Play C major - C, E, G. Move the middle note of the chord UP one semi-tone (1 half-step). In this example, move E up one semi-tone. This brings us to F. Play the C, F and G together and we have a Csus4 chord.
Sus2 and add9 Chords
Sus2 Chords - Example: Csus
Play C major - C, E, G. Move the middle note of the chord DOWN two semi-tones (1 whole step). In this example, move the E down two semi-tones. This brings us to D. Play the C, D and G together and we have a Csus2 chord.

Add9 Chords - These chords are nearly identical to sus2 chords. The only difference is, is that you play the middle note as well. So, Cadd9 is made up of, C, D, E and G.

Diminished (dim) Chords

Example: Cdim
Play C major - C, E and G. Move the TOP TWO NOTES of the chord DOWN one semi-tone (1 half-step). In this example, move the E and G down one semi-tone. This brings us to Eb and F#. Play the C, Eb and F# together and we have a Cdim chord.
Major Seventh (M7) Chords

These chords are used a lot in Jazz music. With major 7th chords, you add an extra note onto the chord. This extra note is always the note ONE semi-tone (1 half-step) below the root note. However, you don't play this note at the bottom of the chord. You simply move it to the top of the chord.

Example: CM7 - Form a C major chord... C, E, and G. The root note of this chord is C. One semi-tone (1 half-step) below the root note is B. Add this B to the top of the chord and we have a CM7 chord... C, E, G and B.

Now you have some music theory to apply to your piano playing. Forming chords will lead to playing chord progressions which will then produce songs.

I highly recommend this music resource, Chords. It's an audio course by Jermaine Griggs and yes, this is an affiliate link. Jermaine is a great teacher and you'll learn about Triads that are based on the Tertian system of harmony. In this system the tones of the triad are related to one another by the interval of the 3rd.

All the best,






"The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King
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Free Piano Music





I thought I would put together a list for you, some FREE resources.
Whether you are a beginner at the piano, intermediate or advanced,
you'll want to visit these sites. There's a little bit of something for everyone,
from simple songs, popular to classical. Hope these help with your search on
the internet for some free music sheets, charts and chords.

1. http://free-piano-music.com/

 2. http://www.gmajormusictheory.org/Freebies/freebies.html
     (use Gilbert's site for primer level-level 4 students)

3. http://www.free-scores.com/

4. http://my-piano.blogspot.com/
   (I use this site for my junior high and high school students)

5. http://www.8notes.com/piano/ (popular site)

6. http://easysheetmusic.com/ (from around the world)

7. http://www.freesheetmusicguide.com/

8. http://sheetmusicarchive.net/

Are you a worship leader or on the worship team at your church? Visit these:

http://www.worshiparchive.com/

http://www.leadworship.com/song-charts/

For Your Glory

If you're a teacher and in need of some creative, free material for elementary children, Google these:

BusSongs.com

ChildrensMusicWorkshop.com

dsokids.com

ecmma.org

FamilyCorner.com

familyfun.go.com

HarmonyRoadMusic.com

JudyandDavid.com

Kididdles.com

Kindermusik

LessonSense.com

MakingMusicFun.com

MamaLisa.com 

menc.org

MusicTogether.com

Musikgarten.org

MYC.com

NancyMusic.com

NellieEdge.com 

PreKinders.com

PreschoolExpress.com

RainbowsWithinReach

rcmusic.ca

SuperSimpleSongs.com

WeeSing.com

All the best,






"The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King
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Music Chords to Adore


A very cool piano chair!

I am a huge fan of Jaci Velasquez! I love the song, Adore. It's an oldie that
was written in 2000 by Chris Eaton and Brent Bourgeois. Play it worshipfully
with four beats to a measure in the Key of C and then modulates to D.


Here you have the piano/guitar chord chart I found online.

Am7                           Dm7
From the moment you opened my eyes
Gsus4                                 F
I have seen the world in a different light
Cm7                          Fm9
From the dawn to the setting sun
Bbsus
I am overwhelmed
                     Abmaj7   G7sus4
By all that you have done

Chorus:
C      G      Am7
Adore, adore, adore
G             F      E
Jesus I adore you,

Yes I adore,

Adore, adore, adore

Jesus, I adore you

And I lay my life before you, o lord

There's a union of two becoming one

Deep inside my heart

I know that I belong

You have given everything to me

The least that I can do

Is give it back to you

Bridge:

And all I am and ever will be

Is for you, lord

And everything within me cries

Chorus:

Adore, adore, adore

Jesus, I adore you,

Yes I adore you

And I lay my life before you

Adore, adore, adore, adore, adore

Jesus, I adore you

And I lay my life before you

I long to love and adore you

I lay my life before you, o lord

I adore you
 
+++++++++
 
 
 
I own this book, and you can purchase it here,
Jaci Velasquez - Crystal Clear
 
Here is the chord chart from the book, enjoy!
    
Am7                           Dm7
From the moment you opened my eyes
Gsus                                 F
I have seen the world in a different light
Cm7                          Fm9
From the dawn to the setting sun
Bbsus
I am overwhelmed
                     Abmaj7   G7sus
By all that you have done

Chorus:
C      G/B      Am7
Adore, adore, adore
C2/G             F2      C2/E Dm7 F/G
Jesus I adore you,
       C
Yes I adore,
G/B         Am7
Adore, adore, adore
C/G       F2     C/E
Jesus, I adore you
       Dm7              F/G     C   G/B  Am7  Fmaj7/G
And I lay my life before you, o lord
Dm7/G     Am7                      Dm7
There's a union of two becoming one
                Gsus
Deep inside my heart
              F
I know that I belong
          Cm7                Fm9
You have given everything to me
                     Bbsus
The least that I can do
                       Abmaj7 G7sus
Is give it back to you 

Bridge:
     G/A Am7/D         Dm7/G
And all I am and ever will be
      G/A   Am7
Is for you, lord
    Ebmaj7         Fmaj7/G  Dm7/G
And everything within me cries

Chorus:
  C      G/B     Am7
Adore, adore, adore
 C/G      Fmaj7     C/E  Dm7
Jesus, I adore you, Ooo
Dm7/G     
Yes I  
C        G/B  Am7
Adore, adore, adore
C/G       Fmaj7   C/E
Jesus, I adore you
      Dm7             G7sus
And I lay my life before you
Cm7     Fm9
O Lord, Ooo
     Fm7/Bb  Abmaj7  G7sus
Oh, yeah
C       G/B    Am7
Adore, adore, adore
 C/G     Fmaj9     C/E  Dm7 Bbmaj7
Jesus, I adore you Ooo    
 Bbmaj7 G2/A D D/C# Bm7 D/A Gmaj9
Yes, I adore 
 
 D/F#       Em7               G2/A
You, and I lay my life before You
 
 D     D/C#     Bm7
Adore, adore, adore, adore
 D/A     Gmaj9        D/F#
 
Jesus, I adore  You,
 
      Em7             D2/F#
and I lay my life before You, 
 
  Gmaj7                g2/A
I long to love and adore You
 
       Em7              D2/F#
Yes, I lay my life before You,
 
Gmaj7       D A7/C#  G2/B  A7sus  D2 
O Lord, I adore You.     Ooooo 
 
 
So, here's the breakdown on the music chords I'm playing.
 
Am7 = A/GCE
 
Dm7 = D/ACF
 
Gsus = G/CDG
 
F = F/ACF
 
Cm7 = C/BbEbG
 
Fm9 = F/AbCEbG
 
Bbsus = Bb/BbEbF
 
Abmaj7 = Ab/CEbG
 
G7sus = G/CDFG
 
Ebmaj7 = Eb/GBbD
 
Gmaj9 = G/GDF#A 
 
Em7 = E/GBDG
 
D = D/ADF#A
 
Bm7 = B/ADF#A 

Gmaj7 = G/GBDF#

A7sus = A/DGAD

D2 = D/F#ADE


+++++++++++

Do you have this music theory book?  The 300 pg. course is split up into 20
chapters that are jam-packed with TONS of expert
techniques,  interactive diagrams, and challenging quizzes that
are guaranteed to teach you (step-by-step and over-the-shoulder)
EVERYTHING you've always wanted to know about your "SCALES,"
"CHORDS," "CHORD PROGRESSIONS," "NOTES," "FILL-INS,"
"RUNS," and more! 300pg Piano By Ear Home Study Course

All the best,





"The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King
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Piano Chords: Fifteen by Taylor Swift

English: Taylor Swift at the 2009 MTV Video Mu...
Image via Wikipedia


So many requests for Taylor Swift songs.  Here's one for starters, Fifteen. 
So, I found this chord chart online but I'll post what I'm playing after that. 
Do you have a favorite song from this young lady?



G Cadd9 Em7 Cadd9

G                                Cadd9
 You take a deep breath and you walk through the doors
            Em7                       Cadd9
 Its the morning of your very first day
         G                            Cadd9
 You say hi to your friends you aint seen in a while
              Em7                  Cadd9
 Try and stay out of everybodys way
G                                   Cadd9
 It's your freshman year and you're gonna be here
             Em7                Cadd9
 For the next four years in this town
                    G                 Cadd9
 Hoping one of those senior boys will wink at you and say
            Em7                    Cadd9   Cadd9
 You know I haven't seen you around, before


                   G
 'Cause when you're fifteen and 
Em7                       D
 Somebody tells you they love you
                 Cadd9
 You're gonna believe them
                G
 And when you're fifteen
   D/F#                Em7               Cadd9
 Feeling like there's nothing to figure out
     Em7                    D
 Well count to ten, take it in
                         G                D/F# Cadd9
 This is life before you know who you're gonna be
D
 At fifteen

G Cadd9 Em7 Cadd9

G                            Cadd9
 You sit in class next to a redhead named Abigail
         Em7                        Cadd9
 And soon enough you're best friends
G                                Cadd9
 Laughing at the other girls who think they're so cool
          Em7                          Cadd9
 We'll be out of here as soon as we can
     G                               Cadd9             
 And then you're on your very first date
                Em7                           Cadd9
 And he's got a car and you're feeling like flying
            G                             Cadd9 
 And you're momma's waiting up and you're thinking he's the one
              Em7                            Cadd9
 And you're dancing round your room when the night ends
          Cadd9
 When the night ends


                   G
 'Cause when you're fifteen and 
Em7                       D
 Somebody tells you they love you
                 Cadd9
 You're gonna believe them
                G
 And when you're fifteen
  D/F#                Em7                   Cadd9
 And your first kiss makes your head spin 'round
    Em7                           D
 But in your life you'll do things greater than
            G           D/F#     Cadd9
 Dating the boy on the football team
             D
 But I didnt know it at fifteen

G Cadd9 Em7 Cadd9 D

Cadd9          Em7              D
 When all you wanted was to be wanted
                            G                  D/F#      Cadd9 D
 Wish you could go back and tell yourself what you know now


G                              Cadd9
 Back then I swore I was gonna marry him someday
       Em7                            Cadd9
 But I realized some bigger dreams of mine
     G                 Cadd9              Em7
 And Abigail gave everything she had to a boy 
                 Cadd9            Cadd9
 Who changed his mind and we both cried


                   G
 'Cause when you're fifteen and 
Em7                       D
 Somebody tells you they love you
                 Cadd9
 You're gonna believe them
                G
 And when you're fifteen
  D/F#            Em7             Cadd9
 Don't forget to look before you fall
Em7                           D
 I've found time can heal most anything
                    G                  D/F#     Cadd9
 And you just might find who you're supposed to be
          Em7            D/F#        Cadd9
 I didn't know who I was supposed to be
D
 At fifteen


G Cadd9 Em7 Cadd9
         La la la la la 
G Cadd9 Em7
 La la la la la
Cadd9       G       Cadd8
 Your very first day, take a deep breath girl
Em7                         Cadd9
 Take a deep breath as you walk through the doors

Here's what my music looks like and I'll post the chords directly below this:

Chords to Fifteen by Taylor Swift. (4 beats per measure)


INTRO
Gsus2 Csus2 Em Csus2

VERSE
Gsus2                                Csus2
 You take a deep breath and you walk through the doors
            Em7                       Csus2
 Its the morning of your very first day
         Gsus2                            Csus2
 You say hi to your friends you ain’t seen in a while
              Em7                  Csus2
 Try and stay out of everybody’s way
G                                   Csus2
 It's your freshman year and you're gonna be here
             Em7                 Csus2
 For the next four years in this town
                    G                 Csus2
 Hoping one of those senior boys will wink at you and say
            Em7                     Csus2        
 You know I haven't seen you around, before


CHORUS
                   G
 'Cause when you're fifteen and 
Em7                        D
 Somebody tells you they love you
                 C
 You're gonna believe them
                G
 And when you're fifteen
   D/F#                Em7                Csus2
 Feeling like there's nothing to figure out
     Em7                     D
 Well count to ten, take it in
                         G                D/F# C
 This is life before you know who you're gonna be
D
 At fifteen

BRIDGE 
Gsus2  Csus2  Em7  Csus2 

[ Tab from: http://www.guitaretab.com/t/taylor-swift/210683.html ]
VERSE 
G                            C
 You sit in class next to a redhead named Abigail
         Em7                         C    C  G  Em  C
 And soon enough you're best friends
G                                C
 Laughing at the other girls who think they're so cool
          Em7                           Csus2
 We'll be out of here as soon as we can
     G                               C            
 And then you're on your very first date
                Em7                            Csus2
 And he's got a car and you're feeling like flying
            G                             Csus2 
 And you're momma's waiting up and you're thinking he's the one
              Em7                             C
 And you're dancing round your room when the night ends
 D/C         C
 When the night ends

CHORUS
                   G
 'Cause when you're fifteen and 
Em7                        D
 Somebody tells you they love you
                 C
 You're gonna believe them
                G
 And when you're fifteen
  D/F#                Em7                    Csus2
 And your first kiss makes your head spin 'round
    Em7                            D
 But in your life you'll do things greater than
            G           D/F#     C
 Dating the boy on the football team
             D
 But I didnt know it at fifteen


SOLO 
G  C  Em7 C(add9) D


BRIDGE 
C             Em7               D
 When all you wanted was to be wanted
                            G     -2 beats-        D/F#      C    D Dsus
 Wish you could go back and tell yourself what you know now


VERSE 
G sus2                             Csus2
 Back then I swore I was gonna marry him someday
       Em7                             Csus2
 But I realized some bigger dreams of mine
     G                 Csus2                  Em7
 And Abigail gave everything she had to a boy 
                 Csus2                C
 Who changed his mind and we both cried


CHORUS 
                  G
 'Cause when you're fifteen and 
 Em7                        D
 Somebody tells you they love you
                 C
 You're gonna believe them
                G
 And when you're fifteen
  D/F#            Em7              Csus2
 Don't forget to look before you fall
Em7                            D
 I've found time can heal most anything
                    G                  D/F#     C  
 And you just might find who you're supposed to be
          Em7             D/F#        C Csus
 I didn't know who I was supposed to be
D
 At fifteen


END 
G  Csus2    Em7   C 
         La la la la la 
G  Csus2     Em7
 La la la la la
C           G       C                    
 Your very first day, take a deep breath girl
Em7                          C (HOLD IT)
 Take a deep breath as you walk through the doors
    

Chord Breakdown:

Csus2 = C/GCDF# sometimes play this one,
Csus2 = CG/CDG or
Csus2 = C/GCD

C = C/EGC 


C(add9) = C/EGD


D = D/F#AD

D/F# = F#/ADF#A

Em7 = E/DGB


Gsus2 = G/GDF#


EM7 = E/DGB

You might want to check out this affiliate resource, Advanced Guitar 301

All the best, 






"The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King
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Passing Tones: Lee Evans



 I have learned music theory from one of my favorites, Lee Evans. He wrote an article in one of my Jazz Magazines about melodic embellishment and ornamentation in jazz. The content is divided into four categories. I wanted to share it with all of my many readers who have asked me about passing tones.

1. Weak beat ornaments


2. Strong or weak beat ornaments


3. Other ornamental devices


4. Combinations of devices from the above 3 categories

So, let's talk about weak beat ornaments. In the examples, I'm talking about single notes and the note highlighted in red is what I'm talking about.

Passing Tone - a chromatic tone between two adjacent scale tones. In traditional usage, half or whole step scale notes which, in a melody, pass between the tones of a triad or chord are sometimes referred to as passing tones. Only half-step tones occurring between adjacent scale notes will be called passing tones in this article.

Example: C to C# to D, then D, Db, C.

Anticipation Tone - an anticipation tone between two adjacent scale tones.

Example: C to D, D or E, D to D

Echappee - a tone occurring between two adjacent scale tones, the motion to the ornamenting tone being contrary to the motion between the scale tones.

Example: C, B to D then C, D, B

Cambiata - a tone occurring between two adjacent scale tones, the motion to the ornamenting tone being the same as the motion between the scale tones.

Example: C, A, B then C, E, D


Neighbor Tone (upper or lower) - a half or whole-step tone occurring between two of the same tones.

Example: C, C#, C and C, D, C. C, Bb, C then C, B, C

For the strong or weak beat ornament:

Jazz Appoggiatura - a leaping tone (an interval larger than a 3rd) which then moves a major or minor 2nd in the opposite direction. (Note that a jazz appoggiatura is a melodic embellishment that does not take into consideration the harmonic or rhythmic implications of the traditional appoggiatura.

Example: C, Gb, F then C, F#, G to C, G, F and C, F, G

Regarding ornamental devices:

Grace Note - an ornamental tone whose time value is not counted in the rhythm.

Example: B to C and D to C

Repeated Tone

Example: F to E (original motive) then F, F to E (repeated tone embellishment)

Tremelo - the rapid alternation of two tones.

Example: C to E, (tremelo) play C, E, C tremelo embellishment (in fragmentation)

Scale Tones - tones found in any scale other than the chromatic scale. (Chromatic  scale tones would be heard as passing tones.)

Example: C to G (original motive) then C, E, F, G (scale tone embellishment)


Chord Tones - tones outlining any chord, including altered chords.

Example: C to C (original motive) then, C, E, G, A, C c(chord tone embellishment)

Free Tone - an ornamental tone having no relationship to any chord being sounded.

Example: G (G7/D), to F# then C

I think that's tons of information for now. There's so many combination examples to write out that I'll skip the final part but you get the idea. Here are some more related former posts:

Passing-chords

Neighboring-tones

Passing-tones

Three-steps-to-passing-chords

Until next time, be sure and stop by and take a look at this music resource, Song Robot







"The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King
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Red Sails In The Sunset



 In 1935 Jimmy Kennedy wrote the words and Hugh Williams wrote the music to REd sails In The Sunset. It's a slow song, played in cut time. 

The symbol cut time, a "semicircle" with a vertical line through is also a carry-over from the notational practice of late-Medieval and Renaissance music, where it signified tempus imperfectum diminutum (diminished imperfect time)—more precisely, a doubling of the speed, or proportio dupla, in duple meter. In modern notation, it is used in place of 22 and is called "alla breve" or, colloquially, "cut time" or "cut common time". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_signature
 It's a fairly easy song to play. Here it is in the Key of C from Ultimate Guitar.com

C                      F                C
Red sails in the sunset, way out on the sea
             G7      G                C
Oh, carry my love one, home safely to me
                        F                   C
He sailed at the dawning, all day I ve been blue
                 G7    G                 C
Red sails in the sunset, I m trusting in you
 
      F             C      F                      C
Swift wings we must borrow, make straight for the shore
F          C     D7                      G7
We marry tomorrow, and you go sailing no more
C                      F                C
Red sails in the sunset, way out on the sea
             G7      G                C
Oh, carry my love one, home safely to me
 
                       F                C
Red sails at the sunset, way out on the sea
             G7      G                C
Oh, carry my love one, home safely to me


As performed by Fats Domino

C   Em           Gm     F    Fm         C   
Red sails in the sunset; way out on the sea.
A7           Dm7       G     G7        C  G
Oh, carry my loved one, home safely to me.

C   Em            Gm      F    Fm            C    A7 
She sailed at the dawning, all day I've been blue,
A7               Dm7    G    G7          C
Red sails in the sunset, I'm trusting in you.

F     Dm7           C
Swift wings we must borrow,
F    G                C    C7 
make straight for the shore.
F  Dm7     C
We marry tomorrow,
A7  D         D7         G 
and you ll go sailing no more.

C   Em           Gm     F    Fm         C   
Red sails in the sunset; way out on the sea,
A7           Dm7       G               C
Oh, carry my loved one, home safely to me. 

F  Dm7     C
We marry tomorrow,R
A7  D         D7         G 
and she ll go sailing no more.

C   Em           Gm     F    Fm         C   
Red sails in the sunset; way out on the sea,
A7           Dm7       G               C
Oh, carry my loved one, home safely to me. 
 
The song, Red Sails in the Sunset, was recorded by Fats 
Domino, Connie Stevens, Dean Martin and more in the 50's.
 
 
Nat King Cole singing the song on YouTube.
 
 
Here is the chord chart I am playing out of my Hawaiian 
songbook:
 
G                      C      Cm6         G
Red sails in the sunset, way out on the sea
     Ddim        Am7 D7  Am7 D7        G        
Oh, carry my love one, home safely to me
                        C      Cm6             G
He sailed at the dawning, all day I ve been blue
      Ddim      Am7 D7 AM7   D7                
Red sails in the sunset, I m trusting in you
 
C      Cm6             G      D7                  G
Swift wings we must borrow, make straight for the shore
C    Cm6      G     A7                      D7
We marry tomorrow, and you go sailing no more
G                      C      Cm6          G
Red sails in the sunset, way out on the sea
      Ddim       Am7  D7 Am    D7                G
Oh, carry my love one, home safely to me
 
                       G   C   Cm6          G
Red sails at the sunset, way out on the sea
     Ddim      Am7  D7    Am  D7      G Cm6 G
Oh, carry my love one, home safely to me


The Diminished triads use only the minor thirds, one on top of the other. They sound dissonant and very scary like the interesting background music we hear from an old vaudeville skit. You know, when you see the lady tied to the railroad tracks. Oh, gosh, here comes the train! That is the sound I am hearing. They often create a very restless, nervous and tense feeling. So, C to Eb is a minor third and Eb to Gb is a minor third, too. Some folks refer to them as 'the Halloween' sound.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6389980



Absolute
D

C#
Eb

F#
Ab
Bb

CDEFGABC

C#
Eb

F#
Ab
Bb

CDEFGABC

C#
Eb

F#
Ab
Bb

CDEFGABC

So, when I play Ddim in the song, it looks like this: G#/FBD

A Cm6 would be played, C/CEbG

Are there some other songs that you like to play that have some diminished chords thrown in? Take a look at this video when you have the time, Finding the Key


Best,
LadyD

"The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you." B.B.King
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